New research identifies the most sexist, anti-gay, and racist cities and states in the United States. The study was conducted by apartment search site Adobo by analyzing speech patterns across 12 million tweets posted between June 2014 and December 2015 on Twitter.

They targeted the use of particular slurs often associated with negative connotation towards women, gays, and minorities, then created maps to illustrate their findings. The study also included categories such as least accepting of transgender people, intellectually disabled persons, and overweight people.

                                               Derogatory Language by State and City                                  
Overall Anti – Women Anti – Gay Anti – Black Anti – Hispanic
10 Rhode Island Norfolk, VA Corpus Christi, TX Madison, WI San Antonio, TX
9 Georgia Detroit, MI New Orleans, LA Garland TX Miami, FL
8 Michigan Newark, NJ Oxnard, CA Buffalo, NY Moreno Valley, CA
7 California Cleveland, OH Modesto, CA Lincoln, NE Arlington, TX
6 Ohio Arlington, TX Bakersfield, CA Norfolk, VA Garland, TX
5 Delaware Baltimore, MD Lincoln, NE Arlington, TX Riverside, CA
4 Maryland Houston, TX Fontana, CA Newark, NJ Fontana, CA
3 Texas Baton Rouge, LA Riverside, CA New Orleans, LA Modesto, CA
2 Nevada Atlanta, GA Arlington, TX Atlanta, GA Chula Vista, CA
1* Louisiana New Orleans, LA Buffalo, NY Baltimore, MD Bakersfield, CA

*Worst Offenders

Some have questioned the accuracy of these research findings. They claim without a system to distinguish between deliberately racist tweets made by non-minorities from those that were made by minorities as a reclaim of the slurs, the number of derogatory tweets may be erroneous. It is important to factor this possibility into the study, as retweets are very popular with this social medium. Is it possible that discounting the appalling content of the original tweet through another tweet is actually contributing to the overall count?

For many choosing their next place to live, the process may no longer just involve determining job availability, the cost of living, and weather — they may now also be factoring in how accepting a city’s population and culture are of others. It shows that even with positive changes, constitutional amendments granting equality and Supreme Court case rulings in favor of marriage rights for everyone, there is still much intolerance and plenty more needs to be done before everyone can say they feel equal.